history and maps

Cottingham - name, size and location

Ancient and Roman Britain

Angles, Saxons and Vikings

Anglo Saxon Chronicle

Domesday Book

The Hundreds

Rockingham Forest

Rockingham Castle

landowners & copyholders

The Church, tithes & glebe

Kelly's Directories

Angles, Saxons and Vikings

Anglo-Saxon Britain - The Heptarchy

Map by Dafydd Gibbon







Between the 4th and 7th Centuries, Angles and Saxons from north Germany settled in Britain, hence the collective name ‘Anglo-Saxon’. At this time, England was roughly divided into seven kingdoms known as the 'Heptarchy'. 

Cottingham lay within the kingdom of Mercia The name ‘Mercians’ means ‘the borderers’, thought to derive from Mercia’s position bordering several other provinces.

The first recorded king of Mercia was Cearl, but it was Penda (c626-655) who established Mercia as major Anglo-Saxon kingdom. Over the next 200 years, Mercia was ruled by a succession of Anglo-Saxon kings, during which time, many of the surrounding provinces came under Mercian control.

Mercia fell to Viking invaders in 874, and many Northamptonshire place names have viking origins. For example, Corby translates as 'Kori's village', with Kori having been a Viking chief, and 'by' being a common name ending in Scandinavia, especially Denmark.

By 954, all of England south of the Humber was precariously united under a single Anglo-Saxon King, Athelstan (924-39), grandson of King Alfred the Great, who initiated the Anglo Saxon Chronicle

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